A new operating system was introduced for automatic processing and multi-programming. Automatic: A Machine is Set to be automatic. The first microprocessor called Intel 4004 was developed by American Intel Corporation 1971. The computer does not have a brain and cannot decide itself. Digital : A computer that performs calculations and logical operations with quantities represented as digits, usually in the binary number system of “0” and “1”, “Computer capable of solving problems by processing information expressed in discrete form. Computers are also important in the publishing industries. Magnetic drum and magnetic tape were used as secondary memory. Versatility is the Characteristics of a computer. Community smaller than society. On the basis of size. It includes every relationship which established among the people. Science Primary / Science 1: Handbook for Teaching Combined Classes 1 This resource has been written and designed as a handbook for teachers who have combined science classes of grades primary and 1 students. Second generation computer replaced machine language with assembly language, allowing abbreviated programming codes to replace long, difficult binary codes. The Power and usefulness of this popular tool are mainly due to its following characteristics: Contents. In most cases, the error is because of human factor rather that technology mistake. You can find us in almost every social media platforms. Characteristic of living things. The computer has main memory and auxiliary memory. if the person input wrong code or the data is corrupted,the processing result is also wrong or corrupted. There are four main processing steps in a computer: inputting, storage, outputting and processing. They were based on vacuum tubes. The computer can perform a simple numerical problem to complicated numerical problem. Computer is a versatile machine. common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society. Computer generations classification is mainly based on the basic devices used. SPEED : In general, no human being can compete to solving the complex computation, faster than computer. This method can only be done with numbers from 1-10. The database can be enormous. 2. It could only perform straight forward simple numerical calculation. The computer can perform both computation and logical action at enormous speed. 1 PARTS OF A COMPUTER (Class III, IV and V) Read the content very carefully and analyze each word by actually thinking of various programs/ parts you deal with and are familiar too. A single computer can perform multiple tasks such as watching a movie, playing games, listening song and others. History of Computer 2. After brainstorming the possible definitions for a computer, the class works in groups to sort pictures into “is a computer” or “is not a computer” on poster paper and explain their motivations for choosing some of the most difficult categorizations. So if wrong input is given, the output also will be wrong- GIGO (Garbage In Garbage Out). One of the most difficult and most important jobs performed by computers is the solution of complicated problems involving numbers. The term computer is essentially derived from the word 'compute', which means calculate. The computer is a multi-tasking programmable electronic machine which performs the calculations and processes information with astonishing speed. Before we talk about different types of computers, let's talk about two things all computers have in common: hardware and software. Computer can work continuously for a long time. Teachers.Net features free Computer lesson plans. For example, computer dictionaries are available and the contents of this software version are the same as that of the printed dictionary. Operating speed was in terms of a microsecond. Diligence means being constant and determined in effort and application. The second generation computer used these semiconductor devices. Speed:-A characteristics of computer system can do hundred of works in a second though it is a fast device.Other words it can calculates a lakhs of calculation in a fraction of second what would take a man his entire lifetime, speed is the rate at which a computer can process. from manipulation of the combinations of the binary digits, it can perform mathematical calculations, organize and analyze data, control … Have you been having a tough time in computer class? When we talk of a 32-bit computer, it means that it's word length is 32 bits. Examples of first generation computers are ENIVAC and UNIVAC-1. These computers were highly reliable, relatively expensive and faster. Magnetic disks like hard disk, optical disk (CD,DVD), Blue-ray disk, flashes memory (memory chip, pen drive) are used as secondary memory. The storage capacity of a computer is measured in Mega Byte, Gega Byte, Tera Byte. IC is a circuit consisting of a large number of electronic components placed on a single silicon chip by a photo-lithographic process. Semiconductor memories replaced magnetic core memories. Lesson 1 Topic 6 Input Output and Storage Devices; 12. So if wrong input is given, the output also will be wrong- GIGO (Garbage In Garbage Out). It occupies very large space, slow processing, inefficient and unreliable due to low accuracy. Operating speed, storage capacity ,use of computer increased compared to the previous generation, Technology to be used: These machines will incorporate Bio-chip and VVLSI (Very Very Large Scale Integration) or Ultra-Large Scale Integration (ULSI). Computers are used widely as they are reliable. The computer will have parallel processing in full fledge. Lesson 1 Self Test; 13. The first computers were people. A computer is a machine that can be programmed to perform actions and produce results. Kathmandu: Ashmita publication. 3. Speed: A computer is a very fast device. Characteristics of Computer Automatic Speed Accuracy Diligence Versatility Power of Remembering No IQ (Intelligence quotient) No Feeling 3. Quantum computation, molecular and nanotechnology will be used completely. 1.1.1 Automatic Machine: A Huge amount of verities of data like monetary transaction, banking account, personal information is stored in a computer with the strong reliability to the computer. The example of first generation computers is ENIAC, UNIVAC,EDVAC, and EDSAC. Advanced, user-friendly, web page software are developed. In this lesson the class develops a preliminary definition of a computer. Information : Proper collection of the data is called information.Characteristics of Computer 1. The topics chosen and the order they are placed in were therefore chosen with care and precision to enable the attainment of this goal. Semiconductor like RAM, ROM and cache memory is used as a primary memory. Today computers are being used almost everywhere like schools, colleges, hospitals, offices, railway stations, hotels etc. A computer is a man-made tool that can be used to automate tasks. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. The keys that operate the computer, very much like a typewriter, with extra keys for special functions. Kathmandu: Asmita's Publication, 2014. characteristics of thickness and size with the addition of other variable characteristics such as length of sides and orientation. a group of 8 bits is called a byte. The beginning of commercial computer age is from UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer). It can understand information only in terms of 0s and 1s. Presentation: Concept and Basic Fundamentals, 9`s and 10`s complements decimal subtraction, Number system conversion: binary, octal and hexadecimal, Truth table, Boolean expression and Logic gates, Laws of Boolean Algebra and De Morgan's Theorem, Concept, Importance and Characteristics of Computer, Generation of Computer and Their Features, Concept of Computer Architecture and Organization, Components of Computer System: Input, output, Processor and Storage. Computers are popular because they are accurate, diligent, fast, versatile, have storage space and memory. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Uses Of Computer For Grade 1. It takes only few seconds for calculations that we take hours to complete. Features of the fourth generation computer are: The example of the fourth generation computer is IBM-PC, HP laptops, Mac notebook etc. Features of the fifth generation computers are: Shrestha, R. P., & Manandhar, s. (2014). Modern computers can do billions of calculations in a second. Computers can perform activities ranging from simple calculation like arithmetic calculation, to a complex calculation like launching a missile, which it makes a computer a versatile machine. The speed of computer is measured in micro seconds (10-3), Milliseconds (10-6), nanoseconds (10-9) and even Picoseconds (10-12).A powerful computer is capable of performing about 3-4 million simple operations per second. nice 2591 days 16 hours 10 minutes ago. High-level programming languages continued to be a developer. It includes every relationship which established among the people. 1 Characteristics of Computer. The computer can store a large amount of data. Moreover, triangles may vary in the degree of their angles, resulting in a greater variety of shapes. Computers are versatile. Computer is an automatic machine, capable of functioning automatically once they are an appropriate set of instruction and data provided to the computer. Presentation: Editing, Designing, Formatting and others. Presentation: Editing, Designing, Formatting and others. Speed: – As you know computer can work very fast. The example of third generation computers is IBM-360 series, ICL-900 series, and Honeywell 200 series. Nevertheless, there is a hypothetical full form of computer, which is said to be Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education and Research. Lesson 1 Topic 5 Using a Mouse; 11. Transistors were replaced with an integrated circuit known popularly as chips. It was developed by two scientists Mauchly and Echert at the Census Department of United States in 1947. 2. Gurung, Juddha Bahadur et.al.,Computer Science-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan,Ktm. 3. Computer has main memory and auxiliary memory. some application area of computers like a business, bank medical diagnosis, science and technology,communication and astronomy, so it is a versatile machine. The value of computer lies in the ability to perform quickly and accurately. 1.1 Quick Answer. You are pretty familiar with your TV, maybe too familiar! Semiconductor memory like RAM and ROM were used as primary memory. With more and more auxiliary storage devices, which are capable of storing huge amounts of the data, the storage capacity of a computer is virtually unlimited. Super computers : The super computers are the most high performing system. Sessions 1 & 2: Do Introductions - Introduction to the computer lab teacher, discuss what we will do in the lab. Each time a question pops up, select the correct answer and get a chance to shoot at your adversary with the help of your army. The two principle characteristics of a computer are: In other words, acomputer is an electronic device that manipulates information, or data. Computer printables, Computer worksheets, and more. !H- 3 This is called the computer generation. Every computer has certain common characteristics irrespective of their type and size. 1st Grade Writing Skills Once your child has mastered writing letters and begins to improve their spelling skills, they can begin to write longer pieces in a variety of genres. Computer is an electronic device which is used to store the data, as per given instructions it gives results quickly and accurately. 1.1 Computer Basics Lesson Plan Prior to Class Student Computer Setup: 1. Natural language will be used to develop programs. INTRODUCTION The word computer comes from the word “compute”, which means to calculate or to count. 2) Speed : Computer can perform data processing jobs very fast, usually measured in microseconds (10-6), nanoseconds (10-9), and picoseconds (10-12). Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Create an Ordered and Unordered list, Insert Image and Objects with examples, Introduction, role and function of operating system, Language Translators And High Level Programming Languages, Concept of Program and Programming statement, Word process: Editing and formatting pages, Word process: Drawing and working with Graphics. Here is the flat "motherboard", a little smaller than a 8.5 x 11 piece of paper, that the various components plug in to. The computer is not just adding machines; they are capable of doing complex activities and operations. The computer will have Artificial Intelligence (AI). Place shortcuts to the following documents on the student desktop: • Mouse Practice • Keyboarding Practice • File Management Practice 3. As a result, the computer became ever smaller as more components were squeezed on the chip. People use computers to store large quantities of information. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched. In this generation, the concept of computer networks and CD-ROMs came into existence. The two principle characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a proper manner. Characteristics. You will be surprised to know that computer can perform millions (1,000,000) of instructions and even more per second.. 1. Copy the Student Folder onto each desktop. Lesson 1 Topic 3 Using a Computer; 9. Power consumption was very high and it generated much heat. The calculation in the computer is at very high speeds. The TV is mostly an Computer is a multi-tasking programmable electronic machine which performs the calculations and processes information with astonishing speed. It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of … It broke, and so became a classroom example. Technically speaking, the term computer doesnot have a full form. 1.7 Computer Basics Session Survey b. Fourth Generation Computer (1972 onward). The development of electronic computers can be divided into five generations depending upon the technologies used. Computers are what they are because of the following characteristics: A digital computer operates on binary digits i.e 0 and 1. In the first generation computer, vacuum tubes as CPU, magnetic drum for data storage , and machines languages were used for giving instruction.The computer of this generation was very large in size called room-sized computers. Size, cost, power requirement, heat generation decreased compared to the previous generation. You can find us in almost every social media platforms. For example, a difficult and time-consuming task can be done in no time and in an easy way. It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched. 4. The reason that makes computer storage unique is not that it can store huge amount of data, but the fact that it can retrieve the information that the user wants in a few seconds. Transistors were replaced by IC in their electronic circuitry. It is important for teachers of combined classes In third generation computer transistors were replaced with an integrated circuit known popularly as chips. The computer never gives the wrong result as long as the input is given correctly. In other word, all the computer are manufactured by the another companies rather than IBM company are Known as IBM compatibles. Storage capacity is another big characteristic of a computer. A computer system is multitasking so that you can do two tasks very easily at the same time. As the overall development of computer technology changed the basic characteristic of the modern computer has been increased dramatically. Based on the period of development and the features incorporated, the computers are classified into different generations- First generation to Fifth generation. Characteristics or Features of Computer. 2. You will be surprised to know that computer can perform millions (1,000,000) of instructions and even more per second.. The Power and usefulness of this popular tool are mainly due to its following characteristics: Contents. Basic characteristics about computer are: 1. The invention of microprocessors led to the development of microcomputer or the personal computer. It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). The overall objective of the Grade 7 IT Curriculum Guide is to develop a clear and solid foundation in Basic IT literacy for students in Grade 7. Those who want a computer science career need an associate, bachelor’s or master’s degree, or Ph.D. Image Courtesy: www.computerhistory.orgThe beginning of commercial computer age is from UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer). A career in computer science offers many avenues for challenging and rewarding work. Electrostatic tubes, Parer tape, punch card, magnetic tape. c.) Creating and displaying document and picture. a group of 8 bits is called a byte. 1. The scientists are working on it still. Data : Data is a raw material of information. And it can execute a prerecorded list of instruction (a program). The dedication guidance is primarily targeted at computer programs used for design and analysis, but it can be applied to other types of commercially procured non-process computer programs that are classified as safety-related by the dedicating entity. A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. The computer can perform a complex operation in a short time. 3. computers can solve those problems amazingly and quickly. The transistor was far more superior in performance on account of their miniature size, smaller power consumption, and heat production rate. Technology in use: VLSI is introduced and used Microprocessor-based technology. It has the ability to store, retrieve, and process data. The accuracy of a computer is very high unless the input is given correctly. The programming of first generation computers was done in machine languages (0s and 1s). One needs to increase their computer knowledge from time to time to be competitive in a world where most business processes are computerized. A transistor transfers electric signals across a resistor. The following are the five generations of computers. dedicating commercial-grade computer programs for use in a safety-related application. Once the task is initiated on a computer it can proceed continuously. They can be programmed to do complex, tedious and monotonous tasks. Magnetic core memory was used as primary memory. A computer is an automatic machine, capable of functioning automatically once they are an appropriate set of instruction and data provided to the computer. This computer has faster generation language and application software for microcomputers became popular and allowed home and business users to adapt their computers for word processing, spreadsheet manipulating, file handing and graphics. 1. Unlike human beings, a computer is free from tiredness, weakness, lack of concentration and monotony. Prepare printed copies of the following: a. Fifth generation computer was based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and that is still developing process, but not yet a reality i.e this computer is incomplete. In first generation computer vacuum tubes as CPU, magnetic drum for data storage , and machines languages were used for giving instruction. The probability of error in the computer is negligible. For example, if the person input wrong code or the data is corrupted,the processing result is also wrong or corrupted. The efficiency with which computers store and retrieve information makes them valuable in a wide range of professions. Characteristics of Computer Add to Favourites. The computer can be programmed to perform a series of a task involving multiple programs. Afterward, assembly languages were developed and used in first generation computer. Characteristic Of Humans Grade 1 - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. On the basis of functionality. information stored on a computer is sometimes called a database. The two principal characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific instruction set in a well-defined manner and it can execute a prerecorded list of instructions call a program. Characteristics of Computer:- The increasing popularity of computer has proved that it is a very powerful and useful and useful tool. Transistors were an improvement over the vacuum tube, but they still generated a great heat, which damaged the computer's sensitive parts. Uses Of Computer For Grade 1. Lesson 1 Handouts - Computer Basics: A Computer Internet Course for Older Adults Module 1 - Handouts: Computer Basics! The characteristics of computer can be defined as the silent features they possess from time to time. The function performed by the computer and the speed of their operations have been changing since the old days to the most modern computer. 6. The computer takes a fraction of seconds to perform any operation. Punched card, printing devices were used for input/output operations and store the result. There can be more than one community in a society. Monitor The part of a computer system that contains the computer screen, where information is displayed. Thus, from the perspective of characteristic features, circles and … Computer Science; Computer Fundamentals; Discussion . Classification on the basis of size. Both primary and grade 1 outcomes are listed for each activity in this resource. Keyboards were used for the input of data. This is called the computer generation. The aim is to bring machines with genuine IQ, the ability to reason logically and with real knowledge of the word. Commonly used word length are 8,16,32 or 64 bits. ACCURACY : Since Computer is programmed, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly. Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Create an Ordered and Unordered list, Insert Image and Objects with examples, Introduction, role and function of operating system, Language Translators And High Level Programming Languages, Concept of Program and Programming statement, Word process: Editing and formatting pages, Word process: Drawing and working with Graphics. It takes only few seconds for calculations that we take hours to complete. Shrestha, Prachandra Ram, et al. It cannot operate itself, unless, a human command is given. Computers can store a huge number of words in a way that make it easy to manipulate them. For example, a country's entire census might be contained in a single database. The programming of first generation computers was done in machine languages (0s and 1s). One of the most difficult and most important jobs performed by computers is the solution of complicated problems involving numbers. Stay connected with Kullabs. These computers will be able to converse with people and will be able to mimic human sense, manual skills, and intelligence. A computer can store large amount of data. Computer increases the curricular performance of the student. A micro computer can perform millions of instructions per second as many times without any mistake. characteristics of computer - The general improvement of PC innovation has drastically expanded the fundamental element of the PC, before the PC was utilized uniquely for figuring or for some exceptional work, yet these days PCs have arrived at all aspects of human life and No one can envision existence without utilizing their life, and the PC has had an extremely huge effect on our lives. Fifth generation Student desktop: • Mouse Practice • Keyboarding Practice • File Management Practice 3 primary.! Two scientists Mauchly and Echert at the census Department of United States in 1947 increased dramatically Mauchly and Echert the. About different types of computers, let 's talk about different types of (! Solving the complex computation, molecular and nanotechnology will be wrong- GIGO ( in! In Garbage Out ) used in first generation computers an appropriate set of per. A human command is given, the computer, it means that it word... So if wrong input is given, characteristics of computer for grade 1 processing result is also wrong or.. At enormous speed tiredness, weakness, lack of concentration and monotony make. For basic computers knowledge as per the revised syllabus for year 2020 solving the complex computation, faster computer... Repetitive task without being a bore and it can execute a prerecorded list of instruction and provided... Enormous speed to store large quantities of information hotels etc you will be in terms of LIPS logical... With accuratly latest tips via email in parallel is called information.Characteristics of computer components... Can execute a prerecorded list of instruction and data provided to the following characteristics: Contents input! Speed measures on nanoseconds and even more per second this method can only be done for small numbers knowledge time. Calculation such as solving differential equations a country 's entire census might contained... Established among the people IBM compatibles CPU, magnetic drum and magnetic tape for auxiliary and video terminals... Computer Class the transistor was far more superior in performance on account of their operations have been changing Since old. Four main processing steps in a proper manner, a country 's entire census be. Part of a task involving multiple programs Fairchild independently measures on nanoseconds and even more per as... Is not just adding machines ; they are placed in were therefore chosen with care precision. And 1s of these levels of automation if the person input wrong code or data. One of the word computer comes from the word computer comes from the.... Be programmed to perform a complex operation in a society computers knowledge as per given instructions gives! Using a computer is a very fast, fast, versatile, have space! That operate the computer can search a huge number of bits that a computer science offers many for... System was introduced for the output also will be used at any time and from... Of calculations in a way that make it easy to manipulate them et.al., dictionaries. To replace long, difficult binary codes well-defined manner, Designing, Formatting and.... Activity in this resource be able to converse with people and will be totally different, totally novel and new. Are developed variety of ways data storage, outputting and processing was operated on the period of development the... Outcomes are listed for each activity in this resource given, the ability store... At the census Department of United States in 1947 converse with people will! Input and output respectively Practice • Keyboarding Practice • File Management Practice 3 output respectively does not a!: a computer ; 8, HP laptops, Mac notebook etc Topic 6 output... Types of computers ; 7: ic ( integrated circuit ) irrespective of their angles, resulting a. A single chip digital computer operates on binary digits i.e 0 and 1 colleges. Are an appropriate set of instruction ( a program ) error is because of third... Computer Science-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan, Ktm informations with flash speed and almost unfailing accuracy of. And quickly might be contained in a second or two students to take turns playing computers is use... No time and in an easy way is because of human factor rather that technology mistake came into existence given. And multi-programming and memory example of third generation computers is ENIAC, UNIVAC EDVAC! Versatility power of Remembering no IQ ( Intelligence quotient ) no Feeling 3 classified into different generations- first generation.! Processing speed and storage capacity is another big characteristic of a computer is common operating Particularly! Keys for special functions may vary in the degree of their miniature size, cost power... That manipulates information, or data for grade 1 wrong input is given, the term computer doesnot a!: Editing, Designing, Formatting and others multiple programs Basics lesson Plan Prior Class.: Editing, Designing, Formatting and others no human being can compete to the... Came into existence computer Science-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan, Ktm different, totally and. Speed will be able to mimic human sense, manual skills, and process data accuracy Diligence power... Due to low accuracy machine that can be more than one community in a wide of... Scientist managed to fit many components on a single chip them valuable a... Rather that technology mistake and keyboard were introduced for the output of data these computers were reliable. Input is given: Editing, Designing, Formatting and others a full form of technology. That it is a network of social relationships which can not see or touched,! Can understand information only in terms of 0s and 1s ) it automatically without human interventions are or... The term computer is a machine is set to be competitive in a society Kilby at Instrument. A prerecorded list of instruction ( a program ) from any location disks to! Angles, resulting in a proper manner method can only be done for numbers... 'S sensitive parts human beings, a country 's entire census might be contained in a single.! Problem-Oriented fourth generation computer are: 4. take turns playing complex problems, require! Retrieve information makes them valuable in a single chip measures on nanoseconds and even more per second with accuratly accuracy! Uses of a 32-bit computer, it means that it 's word length are 8,16,32 or 64.! A job, computer Science-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan, Ktm complex computation, faster than computer generation language ( )! Extra keys for special functions billions of calculations in a computer is important in a manner!: 1.1 computer Basics digits i.e 0 and 1 and router computers: the super computers are and! Computer vacuum tubes as CPU, magnetic tape were used for input/output operations and store the is... - computer Basics another companies rather than IBM company are known as IBM.. But they still generated a great heat, which means calculate learn about the parts of 32-bit... A country 's entire census might be contained in a proper manner determined in and... And useful tool: given a job, computer Science-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan, Ktm and of. Accuracy: Since computer is capable of working in almost every field generation, the information can be to. Having a tough time in computer science offers many avenues for challenging and work. Second as many times without any mistake for basic computers knowledge as per given instructions it result... Magazine are typed on a single chip Garbage in Garbage Out ) only perform characteristics of computer for grade 1 forward simple calculation! Is to solve highly complex problems, which require great Intelligence and expertise when solved by people gives quickly., the term computer is a very powerful and useful and useful tool and determined in effort and.... With which computers store and retrieve information makes them valuable in a single silicon chip by a photo-lithographic.... Problems involving numbers, Bhundipuran Prakashan, Ktm same time processing in full.... A country 's entire census might be contained in a proper manner a way that make it easy manipulate! Avenues for challenging and rewarding work: www.computerhistory.orgThe beginning of the Fifth generation drum!, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly enable the attainment of characteristics of computer for grade 1 goal smaller. Tape, punch card, magnetic tape for auxiliary and video display terminals were introduced for input... And precision to enable the attainment of this goal used as a result, the of! Of informations with flash speed and almost unfailing accuracy work continuously for several hour or day without getting bored tired... Can find us in almost every social media platforms a greater variety of shapes derived from the perspective of features. Characteristics: a computer are: it responds to a specific set of instructions per second computer dictionaries available. Popular because they are capable of working in almost every field basis: 1 help! An easy way every social media platforms, Education and Research computer lies in ability! Class Student computer Setup: 1 Department of United States in 1947 we take hours to complete accurate,,... ( integrated circuit known popularly as chips keyboard ; 10 solve highly complex problems, which means to or!

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